Cambodia is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres in area bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. Cambodia has a population of over 15 million. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism practised by approximately 95 percent of the population. The country's minority groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams and 30 hill tribes. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh the political, economic and cultural centre of Cambodia. The kingdom is a constitutional monarchy.

Phnom Penh

Silver Pagoda

The vihara houses many national treasures including gold and jewelled Buddha statues. Most notable is a small green crystal Buddha. Some sources maintain it was made of Baccarat Crystal in 17th century but that's not possible since Baccarat Crystal didn't exist until 18th century.

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Choeung Ek

Choeung Ek is the site of a former orchard and mass grave of victims of the Khmer Rouge, killed between 1975 and 1979. It is best known as The Killing Fields where the Khmer Rouge regime executed over one million people. Mass graves containing 8,895 bodies were discovered at Choeung Ek after the fall of the Khmer Rouge regime. Today Choeung Ek is a memorial marked by a Buddhist stupa. The stupa has acrylic glass sides and is filled with more than 5,000 human skulls.

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Siem Reap

Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat is the largest religious monument in the world with the site measuring 402 acres. It was originally constructed as a Hindu temple of god Vishnu for the Khmer Empire gradually transforming into a Buddhist temple toward the end of the 12th century.

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Ta Prohm

Unlike most Angkorian temples, Ta Prohm is in much the same condition in which it was found. The photogenic and atmospheric combination of trees growing out of the ruins and the jungle surroundings have made it one of Angkor's most popular temple. UNESCO inscribed Ta Prohm on the World Heritage List in 1992.

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Kratie lies on the banks of the Mekong River and includes big islands with white sand beaches within the Mekong. The stretch of river north of the city is home to a group of rare Irrawaddy dolphins. The dolphins are the main tourist attraction.

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Bayon's most distinctive feature is the multitude of serene and smiling stone faces on the many towers which jut out from the upper terrace and cluster around its central peak. The current main conservatory body for the Safeguarding of Angkor has described the temple as "the most striking expression of the baroque style" of Khmer architecture.

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